The European Commission is preparing to take a decision that will be fundamental for the future of nuclear energy and hydrogen in Europe. The Community Executive has to decide the consideration that will receive the hydrogen produced through nuclear generation, which will be a key point for the development of this technology in Europe.
Paris tries to get its low-carbon hydrogen recognized in conditions equal to green hydrogen in the negotiation of the future RED III directive that is now being discussed in Brussels and that will replace the one approved in 2018.
Spain, together with Germany, will play its part against this approval during the presidency of the European Council, to which it will have access in the second half, but the situation is complicated because nuclear generation is also free of emissions, but as you have remembered the Energy Commissioner Kadri Simsonit is still a problem of dependency on nuclear fuel.
The director of the International Energy Agency, Fatih Birol, defended this week in the European Parliament the growing importance of nuclear power in Europe, where it believes it could play an important role in decarbonisation.
Yesterday, the details of the technological advances of the small reactorswhich according to the Nuclear Energy Agency already has 21 projects around the world.
Big industry, represented by Fertilizers Europe, Eurofer, Cermie, Nuclear Europe, EDF, Yara, Arcelor Mittal, among others, sent a letter to the Commission asking it to adopt a pragmatic approach to this debate.
The price of hydrogen would be around 90 euros per MWh, compared to a current cost of around 47 euros, very high compared to the 20 euros MWh that the industry was used to paying before the invasion of Ukraine by Russia. Of course, the forecast is that green hydrogen will gradually drop in price as production increases.
The Nuclear Hydrogen Initiative (NHI) – a lobby for nuclear-powered hydrogen in which more than 40 companies and organizations collaborate – highlights nuclear power’s ability to operate at full capacity as enduring advantages over green hydrogen. capacity for more than 90% of the yearcompared to reliance on renewable energy from the sun and wind.
This group believes that a 1 GW nuclear power plant could produce five times more hydrogen than a nuclear power plant. 1 GW solar during the same period of time, which would suppose a factor of cheapness of this fuel.
Spain defends the option that the pink hydrogen has a different qualification from the generated hydrogen exclusively with renewables, so that the competitiveness of production in Spain can be maintained in relation to the French generation with its nuclear power, but Macron is not willing to ease the pressure.
France wants nuclear energy to be considered among the sustainable technologies of the future Net Zero Industry Act.