He 92% of Kindergarten students they are girls. Something similar, though not as exaggerated, occurs with Nursing (82%) and in Psychology (76%). In computerfor, however, the 86% are boys. And in the engineers, a 74% they are too males. “These numbers are not typical of the 21st century & rdquor;condemned the Minister of Universities, Joan Subiratswho today presented a study on segregation in colleges in Madrid.
“It is just as worrying that there are as few women engineers as there are nurses& rdquo;
Amaya Mendikoetxea, Rector of the Autonomous University of Madrid
“We must not accept that the care culture is associated with women, and the scientific culture with men& rdquor;
Joan Subirats, Minister for Universities
Higher education is no stranger to a sexist reality that is experienced from the primary and secondary classes: girls feel more disciplined and modest while boys accept better the role of genius and brilliant. At ESO, only 4% of students are inclined to pursue a scientific career, which enjoys not only more social prestige but also more salary. “We must not accept that the care culture is associated with women and the scientific culture with men”, says the minister.
When women began to enter the university in 1910, they did so in subjects deemed “appropriate.” for them: care or study of letters. In the 1980s there was a explosion of public universitiesbut segregation “has not essentially changed”, explains Amaya Mendikoetxea, Rector of the Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM) and Head of Conference of Deans Equality (Crue). In your opinion, the gender difference becomes “abyss & rdquo; in the case of personalities who receive titles as honoris causa.
“It is just as worrying that there are as few women engineers as there are nurses& rdquo;, says the dean, who insists that in Medicine classes there is more female presence (69%), in Chemistry it is more or less equal but in Engineering the male presence is overwhelming. not to mention Technical physics, where students don’t even reach 10%.
with the aim of reverse the situation, Subirats proposes to stop compartmentalizing studies so that the more technical degrees incorporate more humanistic or culturally related disciplines. In addition, care-related careers should have more technical elements. Another idea proposed by the minister is to “encourage enrollment depending on whether you want to have more female or male presence”. How would this be done? Lowering the price of feesfor example, or set quotas to reach more typical 21st century percentages, such as 60% and 40%. These ideas are, however, just ideas. The minister recognizes that his department does not have the capacity to maneuver in this regard and that all study plans must go through both the autonomous communities and the universities before being put into practice.
“We’re not just talking about wasted talent, but also about social justice. It is a systemic risk that the world is being built in a segregated way.”
María Ángeles Sallé, PhD in Social Sciences and specialist in gender
Maria Angeles Salle, who has a PhD in Social Sciences and is a specialist in gender, also guarantees that it is essential to break the gap between the sciences and the humanities in order to give more space to women in technical careers. “We’re not just talking about wasted talent, but also about social justice. It is a systemic risk that the world is being built in a segregated way,” she insists.
Decline of women in mathematics
At age 9 or 10, the Science performance is similar in boys and girls. However, they tend to do worse in math only. It is curious that, around 40 years ago, the presence of women in mathematical careers was slightly higher than that of men. Why? “Because it was related to school education. The presence of women in Mathematics faculties has been decreasing because now it is a discipline more related to science”, recalls Sallé. “The stereotype is perpetuated that women prefer to work with people and prefer to work with things,” she adds.
The Ministry of Universities has launched the ‘Go around’ campaign with which it aims to raise awareness among students and start reversing segregation with some important models, such as astronaut Sara García. The campaign recalls, for example, that only 6% of midwives are men.