The importance of justice reform, the fight against colonialism and the need to maintain “revolt and mysticism” for the realization of human rights were the main conclusions of the panel “Rethinking human rights”, which opened the debates on the second day of the III World Forum on Human Rights, at exESMA.

The panel included the Minister of Justice, Martín Soria; the Secretary of Human Rights, Horacio Pietragalla Corti; former judge of the Inter-American Court Eugenio Zaffaroni; Fernanda Gil Lozano, director of CIPDH-Unesco; the President for Europe of the World Association of Lawyers in Spain, Baltasar Garzón; Fabián Salvioli, former president of the UN Human Rights Committee; and Juan Carlos Monedero, founder of Podemos.

“Some still wonder why they want to reform justice,” said Soria, recalling that it is the only power that has not managed to change in 40 years of democracy, and continues with a 163-year-old structure.

In his speech, the minister said that the forum “should be held in 2016”, but it was not done because then “there were people in the government who are not interested in human rights, nor have they rethought them and are concerned with business and denialism and hate speech”, he fired, alluding to the Mauricio Macri government. and highlighted that “the people managed to prevent it”. Soria also explained that “the first thing that the government of Mauricio Macri did was change the Court, placing two magistrates by decree and today we have a Court made up of four men, two from Santa Fe, one from Córdoba and an official from Clarín, which is the Court and thus constitutional guarantees are beginning to be endangered in Argentina”. ” and highlighted that and “there are many ways to violate them” and which, in her case, are violated “directly”.

Then, Pietragalla Corti valued “the expansion of rights in recent years with governments more similar to their people, in the last decade, after neoliberal governments”. He highlighted that “the economic power, the real power are those that seek to interfere in democratic processes” and cited former President Macri, and his “family members who benefited financially from the military dictatorship”. “Argentina managed to make visible all the enemies of the people. They were CEOs, businessmen who many escaped prosecution for crimes against humanity, like Blaquier, owner of the Ledesma plant and responsible for Noite do Apagão ”, he recalled.

The next speaker was Baltazar Garzón, who called for “revolt so they don’t take away what we have, which is to rethink human rights, apply them”, he defined. The Spanish jurist highlighted that the Judiciary “has to defend human rights”, “must be the first to enforce this protection and not become a scene of power. This is the great challenge they have because the exercise of the administration of Justice is a public service, they are administrators, not holders of power, because we, the citizens, are incumbents”, he said, adding that “this nuance is essential because understanding it in this way completely changes the scenario”. Garzón highlighted that in Argentina “there was leaders who did everything that had to be done and others who did nothing, Alfonsín did, Néstor Kirchner was a fundamental link for the recovery of memory”, he said, adding that the vice president “has given fragments of his life for this country.”

For his part, Raúl Zaffaroni stated that “we must reflect on the struggle for human rights” and added that “the first thing is political and economic sovereignty; our first human rights heroes were the liberators. A colonized country works for another, you may not have social justice.” For his part, Salvioli said that “the State must be rethought” and that “it is important to react against the reactive activity of the Judiciary throughout the world”, for which “will and morality” are needed. Before the closure, Juan Carlos Monedero stated that “human rights do not exist without mystique”, which is why he called for their recovery, while Gil Lozano insisted on “the need to create reparation policies for the victims”.