Peruvian women in science. (Composition)

To the women they had a long struggle to obtain the same rights as men. Several rights were denied to them for decades, among them freedom, the right to vote and to study. Although; existed female characters keys who faced stigma and finally managed to pave the way for other women in various sectors. Science was one of them.

O first peruvian female doctor, the first woman to earn a Bachelor of Science degree and the Peruvian woman who restored work in astronomy in the country, are some of the facts that marked the history of science in the country. Find out who were the first Peruvians in science and who continue to make history in one of the most important sectors for the country’s development.

and the first peruvian surgeon. He was born on October 18, 1872 in the district of Supe, province of Barranca, in the region of Lima.

Laura Rodríguez was also the first Peruvian who was able to enter the Faculty of Medicine at the National University of San Marcos (UNMSM) in 1892. How did she do it at a time when higher education “couldn’t be achieved” by women? He had a clear vocation and rummaged through the school notebooks his brother had.

He entered university and graduated with a degree in Surgical Medicine in 1900. His work and spirit broke many barriers. She decided to specialize in gynecology and did research on tuberculosis. She worked as a teacher and during the conflict between Peru and Ecuador in 1910 she founded the Patriotic Union of Ladies.

In doing so, it promoted presence of women in politics and as an act of patriotism, he donated a surgical team for the Central Military Hospital project. After several years of work, not only personally, but also to break stereotypes and distances in relation to women, he died on July 6, 1919 and his remains lie in the Presbítero Maestro Cemetery in Lima.

Peruvian women in science. (Composition)

She is the first Peruvian archaeologist. She was born on December 18, 1901 in Lima.

With the direct reference of Julio C. Tello, with whom he worked in the investigation of the Chavín and Paracas cultures, Carrión carried out several investigations of his own on pre-Hispanic societies in Peru. The works that stand out the most, not only for their discovery, but also for their contribution to the development of further studies in various areas are:

– “Religion in ancient Peru”

– “The cult of water in ancient Peru”

The Museums of Anthropology and Archeology of Magdalena and the National University of San Marcos (UNMSM) were directed by Rebeca Carrión. She also integrated scientific societies in the country and abroad. He died on April 6, 1960 in Guatemala.

Peruvian women in science. (Capture)

went to first woman to study a career in National University of San Marcos (UNMSM). He was born in Lima in 1862 and was born into a liberal family. The security he obtained allowed him to realize his dreams, despite the fact that at the end of the 19th century status quo stressed that women should only get involved in raising children and the care of the house and husband.

Bearing in mind that university studies were reserved only for men, Margarita abandoned this idea and in 1882 applied to the National University of San Marcos getting his ticket to the Faculty of Letters and then to that of sciences where he graduated with the thesis entitled “The unity of matter or identity of origin of the inorganic and organic kingdoms”.

Margarita Práxedes Muñoz was the first woman to apply and enter the Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos (Archive of the National Library of Peru).

She was one of the pioneering women in scientific field from Peru at a time when this issue was not receiving due attention. She was born on June 20, 1938.

To improve his work, he traveled to Argentina where gaps were smaller and after years specializing in astronomy, in 1969 he returned to Peru to to apply everything I had learned.

“I wanted to study astronomy because I wanted to study and work in something that would give me freedom. Thus, astronomy was my link with the society of my time”, he revealed in an interview. He began to practice as a teacher; however, once again, he found several drawbacks with the issue of gender equity.

“I found many colonial remnants that I had forgotten when I was in Argentina. There was a very tough gerontocracy and a very obscure machismo in the institutions”, he said in one of his last interviews. Permanent Seminar on Astronomy and Space Sciences (Space), the first organization of Peruvian astronomers.

Maria Luisa Aguilar Hurtado (

She is the Peruvian who led part of the team that put the telescope into orbit. James Webb, who once stunned the world with his stunning images what is in the universe. She was born on the 18th of August 1982 in Motupe.

If you want to know more about the history of Aracely Quispe, CLICK HERE.

Aracely Quispe. Photo: Infobae

Is peruvian biologist which is responsible for studying living beings and understanding their relationship with the environment and people. it is scientific evaluates which bacteria withstand the pollution generated by mining and is also working to find a vaccine for uta (leishmaniasis).

Born in Cusco and formed by National University San Antonio Abad of Cusco (UNSAAC)did a master’s degree in Biochemistry It is Molecular biology for the Peruvian University Cayetano Heredi. He has a doctorate in Molecular Parasitology for the University of La Laguna Spain where he graduated with distinction cum laude.

Peruvian women in science. (Capture)

She is a forerunner of genetics in Peru and developed a taste for science since she was a child. After her time at the university, she graduated and obtained the title of Doctor of Medicine with a specialization in Genetics from the Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia (UPCH). She has several scientific publications in prestigious journals.

Peruvian women in science. (Capture)

She is a biologist dedicated to caring for Peru’s biodiversity. This work has been done for 30 years. His education at the National Agrarian University La Molina (UNALM) allowed him to learn more about this field in the country.

For their contributions to science in peru, a new species of Andean frog has been named “Phrynopus mariellaleo”. One of the publications he has done is “Forests, Biodiversity and Livelihoods: Conserving the Rainforest, Combating Poverty”.

Peruvian women in science. (Capture)

Is biologist and geneticist known for her contributions to the construction of the physical map of the XII chromosome of rice and the sequencing of the potato genome in Peru.

He led the National Council for Science, Technology and Technological Innovation between 2012 and 2017 and the National Institute for Research in Glaciers and Mountain Ecosystems between 2018 and 2020. He also led the Antar XXVI expedition in Antarctica with the aim of investigating the impact of glacial retreat on marine biodiversity.

His recognition has been given not only nationally but also internationally, where he was chosen as one of the seven latina women examples for inspiration.

Peruvian women in science. (Capture)

She is a Peruvian scientist and Andean product researcher. Her work has an emphasis on finding the biological properties of maca and its varieties. She has scientific publications in Peru and abroad.

He holds a PhD in Sciences from Mention in Physiology. He has more than 20 years of experience in the sector.

Peruvian women in science. (Capture)