This Monday, March 20, at exactly 10:24 pm (peninsular time, minus one in the Canaries), the most flowery season of the year will begin. The equinox will be a reality for all residents of Spain. Meteorologically speaking, it seems that spring began weeks ago, when the first bathers took a dip on the beaches Spanish accompanied by an increase in temperature.
A characteristic of the spring is the length of the day, which increases rapidly, and therefore each day will rise one minute earlier than the day before, and in the afternoon it will get dark more than a minute later; Therefore, since the start of the season, the time the Sun has been above the horizon has increased by almost three minutes each day.
Eclipse of the Sun and another Lunar
Spring 2023 will be characterized by various astronomical phenomena. Two eclipses, one of the Sun and the other of the Moon, will stand out in the sky this season that will last 92 days and 18 hours, ending on June 21 with the start of summer.
During spring, the solar eclipse will take place on april 20 and will be seen in Southeast Asia and Oceania, while Luna’s, the penumbral type, will take place on May 5 and can be observed from Africa, Asia and Oceania, according to calculations by the National Astronomical Observatory (OAN).
The beginning of the seasons is given by the instants in which the Earth is in certain positions in its orbit around the Sun; in the case of the beginning of spring in the northern hemisphere, this position is that in which the Sun, seen from Earth, crosses the equator in its movement towards the north. On the day when this happens, the length of day and night practically coincide, calling this circumstance the spring equinox.
Regarding the time change at this station, and although both the European Parliament and the European Commission have spoken in favor of eliminating time changes in the future, there is still no final decision on the matter.
Thus, during this year, the traditional change that takes place on the last Sunday of March will be maintained: On March 26, at 2:00 am Peninsular time, clocks will be set forward one hour to dial 3.00; In the Canary Islands, 1:00 am will become 2:00 am.
Throughout the 21st century, the beginning of spring can occur on a maximum of three different calendar dates -March 19, 20 and 21-the first being beginning in the year 2096 and the last being in 2003.
These variations between years are due to the way corresponds to the sequence of years according to the calendar (some leap years, some not) with the duration of each Earth orbit around the Sun.
Planets, constellations and lunar phases
O spring will start with Jupiter, Venus and Mars after sunsetHowever, the former will soon disappear in the west, while Mercury will make a brief appearance during the month of April.
Sunrise, on the other hand, will start spring with Saturn as the only visible planet; In early May, Jupiter will appear in the east, and during June, Mercury will also be visible, low on the horizon.
As for the constellations, at dusk you will still see some typical winter ones like Orion, Can Mayor or Geminibut, as the weeks go by, these constellations move closer to the Sun to give way to others more typical of spring, such as Leo, with its inverted question mark ending in the star Regulus.
Other phenomena of astronomical interest that stand out in spring are the lyrid meteor showerwhose maximum is expected around April 23, and the eta aquariums, with maximum splendor around May 6; The season’s full moons will occur on April 6, May 5, and June 4.