In a few months, more than ten thousand young Galicians who are currently studying the 2nd year of the Baccalaureate will find themselves at the door of one of the most important decisions of their lives: what career to study if they decide to stay at university. Although the selectivity grades, together with the average of the institute, are decisive in the equation, among the factors at play may be the vocation or evaluating the possibilities of insertion in the chosen course. In this situation, the supervisors of each educational center can help and, with regard to employability, the Agency for Quality of the Galego University System (Acsug) does its part with a survey of graduates several years after completing the course . The results of the last publication show thatone third of the degrees offered in one or more of the Galician universities analyzed register at least 90% enrollment.
In this select group there is room for a wide variety of careers: although most of those who manage to enter this ranking fall into engineering, especially linked to food, but also in industry, the list includes everything from Humanities to Fine Arts, including Classical Philology , Modern Language and Literature, Translation and Interpretation, Geography and History, Tourism, Early Childhood Education, Chemistry or Marine Sciences.
In a dozen cases, this insertion reaches the plenary, although 100% of the interviewees who work It usually coincides with degrees that had a low number of graduates in the 2014-2015 academic year, which is the one examined by Acsug. Due to the pandemic, this survey, which Acsug usually does three years after it was formed, was postponed to the first quarter of 2021. This list is made up of: Humanities and Food Science and Technology (both with 6 graduates); in Classical Philology (with 7); in Engineering in Industrial Organization (with 10); in Geography and Spatial Planning (13); in Agricultural and Food Engineering (15); in Engineering in the Agrifood Industries (16); in Civil Engineering (20) and in Energy Engineering (32).
At lower levels, however, there are degrees with many graduates who do not do badly. At Children’s, 447 graduated and 90% are working, while at Plastic Arts there were 102 and 94% of them are employed. In degrees such as Chemistry or Mechanical Engineering, insertion is around 91% with around 110 graduates.
The map of degrees offered by the Sistema Universitário Galego (SUG) is constantly revised to adapt to the new demands of society in general and companies in particular. Therefore, throughout these years, Galicia has been adding new degrees, while others have fallen by the wayside and the insertion has also undergone changes. For example, in the previous Acsug report, about the promotion that was formed in 2014, which was interviewed in 2017, all graduates in Medicine – the favorite of Galician students, with almost a dozen candidates per vacancy – worked out well. In the most recent report, however, 88% do. Nursing, taught on all campuses, also dropped to 86%. However, in the list of careers with percentages of graduates greater than 90% inserted in the labor market, there are graduations in the health area such as Dentistry (92%) or Pharmacy (91%).
There are grids that now stand out for the high insertion that in 2017 appeared at the bottom, as is the case of Geography and History, Humanities, Classical Philology or Modern Language and Literature, among others. This change in trend may have been influenced by the fact that many graduates in these careers opted for teaching and, from 2018 to the present, Xunta has called for several public employment processes that stood out for the high number of posts. The number of graduates working has skyrocketed in degrees such as Philosophy, Galician Language and Letters, Chemistry or Fine Arts.
Unlike 2017, this time due to statistical secrecy, Acsug does not provide information on careers such as Information and Documentation, Consulting and Information Management, among others, which in the institution’s previous balance sheet could show 100% occupancy among its graduates.
Jobs that do not require a university degree
When analyzing labor insertion, the Agency for Quality of the Galician University System takes into account that Not all graduates are looking for a job of their own, not all those who have tried to get one. For example, half of respondents in the Humanities, with 100 percent of respondents currently working, did not try to obtain a position related to their training, while in Geography and History, another of those holding a plenary session, 90 percent jumped headlong into that search.
The survey specifically examines what percentage of graduates of those who have a job develop roles that require a university degree. If the degrees are ordered according to this parameter, the result shows that some engineering (Industrial Organization, Mining Resources or Topography), specialists in Marine Sciences, topographers or philosophers are the only groups where all employees perform tasks that require passing through the Faculty .
The highest levels of overqualification are found in degrees such as Sociology, with 44% of workers in this situation; Geography and History, where one in three are those who perform tasks that do not require a university degree; Galician Language and Literature, with 31%; History and Commerce, with 30%; Social Service and Occupational Therapy, where it occurs with 28% of those who work, or Optics and Optometry and Agricultural and Agro-Food Engineering, with 27%. In Energy, Humanities or Food Technology this happens to one in four.