Strongyloidiasis is a parasitic disease caused by the nematode Strongyloides stercoralis. It is estimated to affect around 30 to 100 million people worldwide, mainly in tropical and subtropical areas. The infection can be asymptomatic or cause mild symptoms such as diarrhea and abdominal pain. However, in more severe cases it can lead to sepsis and meningitis.
Strongyloidiasis can treat yourself with antiparasitic drugs such as ivermectin and albendazole. However, diagnosis can be difficult due to the lack of specific symptoms and the possibility that the parasite may remain dormant in the body for decades. In this article, we will explore more about strongyloidiasis and its treatments.
Main causes of strongyloidiasis
O main cause of strongyloidiasis It is the penetration of the parasite larvae into the skin of people, mainly through the feet in contact with contaminated soil. It can also be transmitted orally through contaminated food or water in which the larvae of this parasite are found.
This infection can also be transmitted by direct contact with infected people or through transfusions of contaminated blood.
Risk factors for contracting strongyloidiasis include living in or traveling to endemic areas, contact with contaminated soil, immunocompromise, and a history of previous infections.
symptoms of strongyloidiasis
O symptoms of strongyloidiasis They can range from the mildest to the most severe. In some cases, the infection will not show any symptoms. O mild symptoms of this parasitic disease are itching and rashes in the area of infection, diarrhea, nausea and abdominal pain. As the disease progresses, symptoms may get worse and include fever, cough, shortness of breath and fatigue. In the most severe cases, the infection can cause lung damage, kidney failure, severe dehydration, and septic shock.
Strongyloidiasis can also be a chronic disease, therefore, symptoms may come and go over time. Patients with chronic disease may have periods of quiescent infection followed by more virulent episodes.
How is strongyloidiasis diagnosed?
He diagnosis of strongyloidiasis it is based on the detection of the parasite in feces or tissue samples. However, the sensitivity of diagnostic tests can vary depending on the stage of infection and parasite load.
The most commonly used diagnostic technique is direct microscopic examination of stool. This method involves looking for Strongyloides eggs in the patient’s stool. However, it is recommended to perform multiple stool samples on consecutive days to increase the chances of detection.
treatments for strongyloidiasis
The treatment of choice for strongyloidiasis is albendazole, an orally administered antiparasitic drug. The recommended dose is 400 mg once a day for three days. This treatment is usually effective in most patients, although in some cases it may be necessary to repeat the dose.
Another possible treatment, which can be purchased at Farmaciaraquelmota, is ivermectin, an antiparasitic drug that is also given orally. The recommended dosage is 200 mcg per kilogram of body weight once a day for two consecutive days. Like the previous one, it is a very effective treatment that is easy for the patient to administer.
Ivermectin works by inhibiting the parasite’s ability to move and feed, leading to its death. It is administered in the form of topical pills, lotions or creams and is known for its wide margin of safety and efficacy.
Corticosteroids and medical treatment
In severe cases of strongyloidiasis, the use of corticosteroids to reduce inflammation and the body’s excessive immune response. However, the use of corticosteroids must be carefully supervised by a doctor, as it may increase the risk of complications.
In addition to these treatments, it is very important that patients with strongyloidiasis receive a proper medical care to control symptoms and prevent complications. This may include administering fluids and electrolytes to treat dehydration, pain management, and nutritional supplementation to prevent malnutrition.
Thus, strongyloidiasis is a parasitic disease that can be treated with antiparasitic drugs such as albendazole and ivermectin. In more severe cases, the use of corticosteroids is important to reduce inflammation and the body’s immune response.
O Early identification of this infection It is essential to prevent complications. The choice of one drug or another depends on each patient and the severity of the disease. In addition, close follow-up after treatment is essential to confirm healing and prevent possible recurrences. Prevention of this infection includes frequent hand washing, personal hygiene and implementation of basic sanitation practices.