He Venus planet It remains an enigma to scientists despite being similar in size and composition to Earth. Instead, to Mars, we send multitudes of Rovers. We only have a handful of images from the surface of venusand they are almost 50 years old.
Venus is over 200 million kilometers from Earth, just 19 million kilometers farther than Mars. But still, we turn our backs on it. Although for good reason.
Interestingly, the first Earth ship that visited another planet, went to Venus. The catheter sailor 2 from NASA arrived in your neighborhood in 1962, and for 42 minutes he was able to scan the planet. But he never landed.
From then on, a race began between NASA and the Soviet Union to see who perched before on Venus.
Venus, the Earth of the future?
After 8 failed missions, the Russians managed to reach the surface with the ship worship 3 in 1965, but failed to land. This happened with Venera 7, in 1970. Then a few more, all Soviet, according to PetaPixel.
only worship 9 and 10in 1975and the Venera 13 and 14, in 1982managed to send to Earth some Photos from the surface in Venus, before being destroyed. You can see them all together in this video. The photos reveal a desolate planet with a yellow atmosphere:
O worship 13 is the probe that managed to stay on the surface for the longest time, a total of 127 minutes.
Why is it so difficult to land and stay on Venus? The reason is simple: the temperature of the surface is around 450 degrees Celsiusand the pressure It is 90 times bigger to what we have on Earth. Incoming ships literally crumble from the heat or are destroyed by the enormous pressure.
Many scientists see on Venus, a future earth defeated by climate change.
In its origin, Venus was a twin planet of Earth. Both are about the same size, similar in composition, formed at the same time, and have similar gravity. Then, why are they so different?
the key is in atmosphere… and not life. Venus has an atmosphere thinner and denser than Earth’s, made mostly of carbon dioxide, like here. But there are no plants that process this carbon dioxide to transform it into oxygen, nor oceans to absorb it.
Then the CO2 ascended to the upper layers of the atmosphereand caused a greenhouse effect, which heated the surface to 400 degrees Celsius. The numerous volcanoes it has also contribute to this.
What happened to Venus It is what will happen to the earth Yes forests and plants cannot process CO2, and the greenhouse effect increases. With fewer and fewer trees and more pollution, it’s not impossible.
Temperatures will rise, seas and rivers will dry up due to evaporation, and in a few hundred or thousands of years, all life on earth would be wiped out. That’s why it’s so important return to venusto study these consequences.
There are already new missions planned for the coming years. O PAN will send to Venus The catheter DA VINCI in 2029and the European Space Agency O InVision in 2030. But none of them will land on the planet.
So it looks like it will be a few decades before we see new Photos in the surface of venus.